Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Therefore, the verb "exact a fifth" (BDB 332, KB 331, Piel perfect) can refer to a taxation of 20%, which we learn was common in the Egyptian literature, or it might refer to a dividing of the land of Egypt into five administrative districts (AB, p. 313). Welcome to Genesis chapter 41 summary, still reading about Joseph and his plight and rise. When the famine had spread over the whole country, Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe throughout Egypt. Gen 41:7 - Gen 41:8 “spirit.” They should collect all the food of these good years that are coming and store up the grain under the authority of Pharaoh, to be kept in the cities for food. All rights reserved worldwide. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Inasmuch as God has shown you all this, there is no one as discerning and wise as you. This river and its annual flood was the source of Egypt's life and fertility. After them, seven other cows came up—scrawny and very ugly and lean. It is used in the Niphal stem in Ps. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. ▣ "shaved himself and changed his clothes" Here again is the Egyptian custom of not only shaving one's beard, but of shaving one's entire body, and cleaning one's self completely before approaching Pharaoh. 2:1,3, and the Qal is used of God's Spirit "stirring" in Jdgs. CHAPTER 41. Then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream. ▣ "there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh" Pharaoh apparently had more honest wise men than Nebuchadnezzar, who did not trust his magi enough to give them the content of his dreams lest they make up an interpretation (cf. 41:36 "so that the land may not perish during the famine" The term "land" (BDB 75) is functioning as a metaphor for the people and government of Egypt.   53When the seven years of plenty which had been in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54and the seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said, then there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. It can refer to, 1. all the places where Joseph stored the grain, 2. all the places where the Egyptians could buy grain throughout the land, 41:57 This verse describes the terrible drought and famine over the whole Near East and Mediterranean area. Christian Response (The Annotated Skeptic's Annotated Bible) The dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure (Gen 41) NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:9-13 However, its meaning is disputed. ▣ "Pharaoh" Pharaoh is a collective title for all of the kings of Egypt as Hadad was for Syria, Caesar later becomes for Rome, and Czar was for Russia. He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. 5:7, 2. false revelation, Jer. 41:8 "his spirit was troubled" The term translated "spirit" is ruah (BDB 924), which denotes the life force of animals and humans on this planet. Then Pharaoh woke up. SPECIAL TOPIC: ELECTION/PREDESTINATION AND THE NEED FOR A THEOLOGICAL BALANCE. 42,43,44). 27:5; II Kgs. NASB, NKJV,NRSV, TEV,VULGATE"all the storehouses"NJB, LXX,REB"all the granaries"JPSOA"all that was within", The Hebrew text is literally translated by JPSOA. 23:17; II Kgs. Genesis 41:5 but he fell back asleep and dreamed a second time: Seven heads of grain, plump and ripe, came up on one stalk. This construct is used of, 2. women, Gen. 29:17; Deut. Every paragraph has one and only one subject. 6Then behold, seven ears, thin and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them. # 41:45b Greek version reads of Heliopolis; also in 41:50. List all of the ways that Joseph's new position is described in vv. JPSOA) has been greatly debated. 19 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and gaunt, such ugliness as I have never seen in all the land of Egypt. These discussion questions are provided to help you think through the major issues of this section of the book. 57The people of all the earth came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe in all the earth. Lev. So here Joseph's fame and authority spread throughout the land (NRSV, REB). "bad of sight"), BDB 948 I construct BDB 909, 2. gaunt (lit. 8Now in the morning his spirit was troubled, so he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all its wise men. 19:5-6; Isaiah; Jonah; Matt. 3:15; 12:3; Exod. ▣ "On" "On" (BDB 58) is the city of the sun god. 10-12). Pharaoh's naming him may have been a cultural sign of his authority over Joseph. In reality, these two boys are not really Jewish! After them, seven other heads sprouted—withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. YHWH wants Egyptians to know Him! Think for 13 years he was a slave, all during those tough times he looked to God and found the strength to overcome and trust= now he’s exalted, but even now=he continues to look to God for strength for a … Der Traum des Pharao und seine Deutung. 1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. Dan. 17:10 and Hosea 13:15. When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile. This is parallel to “only [with] the throne” (verse 40). The abundance is accentuated in several ways. Therefore, these men were the readers, practitioners, and writers of the ancient books concerning divination, interpretations, etc. The term translated "favorable" is the term shalom (BDB 1022), which denotes "peace," "well being," or "favor." 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11, 14) by non-Hebrews. There have been several proposed etymologies. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of … And all the world came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe everywhere. 2. ▣ "clothed him in garments of fine linen" This is another Egyptian loan (BDB 1058 III) word that refers to the fine white linen worn by the elite classes of Egyptian society. God's providence functions on several levels! ▣ "they grazed in the marsh grass" This is another Egyptian loan word. 35Then let them gather all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh's authority, and let them guard it. 2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. 25:3; Esther 2:7, NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:25-36 29:7-8; Eccl. Because the phrase "over the land" following the verb is used in vv. No one would retell the story exactly the same without embellishing some points and omitting other points. 7:19, ארצ, 'eres, BDB 75). Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile. Scripture quoted by permission. From Egyptian documents we also learn that throughout the history of Egypt, there were Semites in places of responsibility in many other Egyptian dynasties than the two mentioned above. It is interesting to note that in modern Israel, Jewishness is determined by the Jewish mother. Gen 41:7 : And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. 41:34 "and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt" Notice that the phrase "of the produce" is in italics, which means it is not in the Hebrew text. Genesis 41:7 And the thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven plump, ripe ones. 1:20. And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position, and the other man was impaled.”. 45 and 46 are parallel, therefore, "traveled over the whole land" (TEV, NJB, LXX, NIV). NIV®. vv. They ruled from 1730 to 1570 b.c. 41:32 "the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about" Joseph is asserting his God's power and foreknowledge related to events in Egypt. 1 * After a lapse of two years, Pharaoh had a dream. Then Pharaoh woke up; it had been a dream. After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted—thin and scorched by the east wind. 41:25 Joseph is addressing an Egyptian who would not recognize YHWH so he used the more general name for Deity, Elohim. 40You shall be over my house, and according to your command all my people shall do homage; only in the throne I will be greater than you." This phrase is literally translated in the NASB and NKJV. 41:46 "thirty years old" This is literally "son of thirty years," which is an idiom (cf. Exodus 3, God's knowledge/action in Gen. 41:7-9, but Moses' need to respond in Gen. 41:10-12). Pharaoh was once angry with his servants, and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard. And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. and the seven years of famine began, just as Joseph had said. 4 And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows 47During the seven years of plenty the land brought forth abundantly. CHAPTER 41. It must be noted that famine would have shown the failure of Egyptian religion (i.e., sun god, fertility gods, and the Nile itself) to be able to deliver Egypt, but YHWH could! It was considered a god (cf. Genesis 41 1 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. Seven years of great abundance are coming throughout the land of Egypt. Gen. 45:8). Q. It is done with all possible expedition, and Joseph is brought in perhaps almost as much surprised as Peter was, Acts 12:9 , so suddenly is his captivity brought back, that he is as one that dreams, Psalms 126:1 . You shall be over my house, and all my people shall be ruled according to your word; only in regard to the throne will I be greater than you.” The Egyptian magicians (cf. 2. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end. 41:43 "second in charge" This was a way of referring to Joseph as second in command of Egypt (i.e., Grand Vizier). If the chief butler had got Joseph to be released from prison, it is probable he would have gone back to … Both are crucial (cf. 41Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt." Gen 41 and 42 When Bad Things Happen to Good People Jacob had 12 sons; one was sold, the other remains at home. 41 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. Genesis 41 New International Version Pharaoh’s Dreams 1 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. 1. vv. "let Pharaoh take action," v. 34, BDB 793, KB 889, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 4. 8:26; Jer. The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it was a dream. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. 41 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. 41:33 It should be noted that YHWH's revealed forecast of seven years of abundance and then seven years of famine (which no one can affect, yet here it is not a judgment from God, but a weather cycle in a fallen world) can only be dealt with by purposeful, planned human action. 5He fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came up on a single stalk, plump and good. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Gen 41:2 - Gen 41:3 - Gen 41:4 - Gen 41:5 - Gen 41:6 “scorched by the east wind.” In Egypt, the east wind would have come off the great Arabian Desert and been very hot and dry. - [from Gen. Rabbah 90:2] [I.e., although I give you the exclusive power to raise your hand and foot, as explained below I am still the supreme ruler over the land.] Pharaoh’s Dream. Pharaoh’s Dreams. 50:35; 51:57) and in Persia (cf. 7:11, AB, p. 313). PARAGRAPH DIVISIONS OF MODERN TRANSLATION, FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT THE PARAGRAPH LEVEL. 2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. 4 The wretched and lean cows ate the seven sleek and fat cows. vv. 126:1; Isa. 41 1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. 7:11; Isa. Esther 3:10,12; 8:8,10). Compare your subject divisions with the five translations above. 21Yet when they had devoured them, it could not be detected that they had devoured them, for they were just as ugly as before. mouth) as they do Pharaoh's (cf. They will later become the half-tribes who will inherit Joseph's double portion and will make up part of the twelve tribes (i.e., thirteen) of Israel. Each of us must walk in the light we have. 4The ugly and gaunt cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. Two years after the butler was released from prison, the same butler Joseph interpreted a dream for, the Pharaoh of Egypt had a dream and needed interpretation. 33Now let Pharaoh look for a man discerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. See Special Topic at 15:15. Levi will not be counted as a tribe for inheritance purposes (cf. So Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and he was quickly brought from the dungeon. 4 And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. We told him our dreams, and he interpreted them for us, giving each man the interpretation of his dream. 1:14; 4:12; Jdgs. The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first. 41:53-57 This explains historically how Pharaoh came to own all the land of Egypt (cf. Both are crucial (cf. 23:4; 25:18; I Chr. 32Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about. Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Exodus 3, God's knowledge/action in vv. 42Then Pharaoh took off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and put the gold necklace around his neck. Note the hyperbole in the phrase "all the earth." We know from Egyptian sources that the cattle immersed themselves in the water along the Nile for several reasons: (1) to keep cool; (2) to keep the insects off; and (3) to eat the lush growth of marsh grass (BDB 28). 2. the land brought forth abundantly, v. 47, 3. stored grain in great abundance, vv. Many assume that it had to be during the Hyksos period known as "the Shepherd Kings," who were apparently Semitic, not Egyptian (see AB, p. 316). Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities. 52:1). "store up the grain," v. 35, BDB 840, KB 999, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 8. 31So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it will be very severe. This is followed by the JPSOA, "organize the land of Egypt.". The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. 2:28; Matt. Egyptians shall honor Joseph's word (lit.   25Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, "Pharaoh's dreams are one and the same; God has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. Gen 41:8 I Sam. This interconnect of God's sovereignty/knowledge and human activity is characteristic of the Bible. Gen. 41:46). However, the Vulgate, Aquilla's Hebrew translation, Origen of Alexandria, and the Jewish commentator, Kimchi, all say that it means "to bow the knee," which comes from an ancient Hebrew root (BDB 7). Genesis 41:42 42 Then Pharaoh x took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and y clothed him in garments of fine linen z and put a gold chain about his neck. 41:44 "no one shall raise his hand or foot" This is an idiom for "no work or effort shall start or continue without Joseph's permission." 17So Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, "In my dream, behold, I was standing on the bank of the Nile; 18and behold, seven cows, fat and sleek came up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the marsh grass. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). Dan. “In my dream I saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk. Genesis 41 - NIV: When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, … 3Then behold, seven other cows came up after them from the Nile, ugly and gaunt, and they stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile. 47, 47, 5. until he stopped measuring it for it was beyond measure, v. 49, NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:50-52 Another possibility is "he who knows things," which would refer to Joseph as a dream interpreter. The terms used in Daniel are different terms, but refer to the same type of people. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt. ▣ "a dream" There is extensive literature, both in Egypt and Mesopotamia, concerning dreams and their interpretation. Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, and no one can interpret it. Genesis 41:40 NIV Genesis 41:40 NLT Genesis 41:40 ESV Genesis 41:40 NASB Genesis 41:40 KJV Genesis 41:40 BibleApps.com Genesis 41:40 Biblia Paralela Genesis 41:40 Chinese Bible Genesis 41:40 French Bible Genesis 41:40 Clyx Quotations OT Law: Genesis 41:40 You shall be over my house (Gen… GEN 41:35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. There has been much speculation about when Joseph could have arisen as second in command over all of Egypt. 3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river. Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I am reminded of my shortcomings. 56When the famine was spread over all the face of the earth, then Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians; and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it. 5:12; 15:18; II Chr. 41:14 "they hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon" Again we have an Egyptian loan word (see note at 40:15) in the term "dungeon," which seems to mean "incarcerated within an Egyptian fortress." With these figures it is possible to see that he had remained in jail approximately thirteen years. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 41:52 "Ephraim" This name (BDB 68) is related to a term "fruitfulness" or "double fruit" (BDB 826, cf. This food should be held in reserve for the country, to be used during the seven years of famine that will come upon Egypt, so that the country may not be ruined by the famine.”. They are meant to be thought-provoking, not definitive. Then I woke up. NASB"do homage"NKJV"shall be ruled"NRSV"shall order themselves"TEV"will obey your orders"NJB"respect your order"LXX"be obedient to your word"JPSOA"be directed"REB"will respect your every word", The etymology of this term is uncertain, but it seems to be related to a Hebrew root which means "kiss upon the mouth" (BDB 676, KB 30, Qal imperfect). So Joseph took charge of the entire land of Egypt. ▣ "Potiphera priest of On" This is another Egyptian name which is a lengthening of the name Potiphar, found in Gen. 37:36; 39:1. בלעדיך: שלא ברשותך. 15Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I have had a dream, but no one can interpret it; and I have heard it said about you, that when you hear a dream you can interpret it." Each of us had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own. Gen. 45:8). "appoint overseers," v. 34, BDB 823, KB 955, Hiphil jussive, 5. You shall be in charge of my palace, and all my people are to submit to your orders. NASB, NKJV "and Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt"NRSV "Thus Joseph gained authority over the land of Egypt"TEV "traveled all over the land"NJB, LXX "and Joseph began to journey all over Egypt"REB "Joseph's authority extended over the whole of Egypt"JPSOA "Thus Joseph emerged in charge of the land of Egypt". And he set him over all the land of Egypt. 43:13). The Egyptians sold their land to the king to buy grain to feed themselves and their families. Then Pharaoh told all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph and do what he tells you.”. ▣ "put the gold necklace around his neck" This was a symbol of authority throughout Egyptian history, particularly in the 12th dynasty (cf. 4. Visions can often occur at night, but seem to be different from dreams. 5 He fell asleep and dreamed a second time: there, growing on one stalk, were seven ears of grain, full and ripe.. 6 And then sprouting up, behind them, came seven ears of grain, meagre and scorched by the east wind.. 7 The scanty ears of grain swallowed the seven full and ripe ears of grain. 36Let the food become as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine.". Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him. 11:17; Esther 10:3; Jer. "let Pharaoh look for a man, discerning and wise," v. 33, BDB 906, KB 1157, Qal jussive, 2. of "set him over the land of Egypt," v. 33, BDB 1011, KB 1483, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 3. 16Joseph then answered Pharaoh, saying, "It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh a favorable answer." When he had shaved and changed his clothes, he came before Pharaoh. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food. 41:44 "no one shall raise his hand or foot" This is an idiom for "no work or effort shall start or continue without Joseph's permission." This is parallel to the phrase used in Genesis 6-7 about the extent of the flood (cf. 2And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and fat; and they grazed in the marsh grass. King Con: The rise of Joseph. It fits the situation exactly. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. 2:27-30. 45 Then Pharaoh gave Joseph a new Egyptian name, Zaphenath-paneah. 41:47-49 Joseph's dream interpretation was completely accurate. 41 After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile, 2 and behold, there came up out of the Nile seven cows, attractive and plump, and they fed in the reed grass. 1. at the end of two full years--It is not certain whether these years are reckoned from the beginning of Joseph's imprisonment, or from the events described in the preceding chapter--most likely the latter.What a long time for Joseph to experience the sickness of hope deferred! Identify the subjects. 41:45 "Then Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath-paneah" This is an official title (BDB 861) related to Pharaoh himself (cf. when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. Dan. It can be translated "wind," "breath," and "spirit. 41:6 "the east wind" This desert wind (BDB 870), so notorious for its blighting of the agricultural produce of the land, is called the "Sirroco" (Aramaic) in Palestine, where it blows from the southeast. "let them guard it," v. 35, BDB 1036, KB 1581, Qal perfect used in a jussive sense (NASB), 9. Essentially, Joseph doubled the taxes over the next seven years (Genesis 41:34 mentions one-fifth, that is, 20%). There are several other possible translations found in Brown, Driver and Briggs (BDB 7). (Genesis 41:1-38) 1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. “It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do. Is. These are eyewitness details! And Joseph went out from Pharaoh’s presence and traveled throughout Egypt. 7-9, but Moses' need to respond in vv. It is called Heliopolis in Greek and Beth Shemesh in Hebrew (cf. Its basic meaning is "to thrust" or "to impel.". 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God. Later events in Genesis show that Joseph had not completely gotten over his brother's hateful betrayal. "let them gather all the food," v. 35, BDB 867, KB 1062, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 7. He was standing by the Nile, 2 when up out of the Nile came seven cows, fine-looking and fat; they grazed in the reed grass. Pharaoh gave Joseph the name Zaphenath-Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On. Gen 41,1 (Gen 41:50-52) Joseph’s two sons and his state of heart. She was the daughter of Potiphera, the priest of On. They are referred to not only in Egypt, but also in Babylon (cf. 5:7, 16, 29). Josh. Gen. 37:2); (2) he became second in command of the nation of Egypt when he was thirty years old (cf. Exod. 55So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, "Go to Joseph; whatever he says to you, you shall do." 4. when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds. 3. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. Joseph knew the source of his dreams was not in his ability to use divination or to read ancient documents, but in the power of God (cf. 41:26 "seven years" In literature of the ANE seven year cycles were common (cf. Genesis 41:40-57 describe Joseph’s new life as a ruler in Egypt. He is married to the former Peggy Rutta and they have three children and six grandchildren.